First-time adoption of IFRS (IFRS 1)
Last Updated: October 16, 2012
IFRS 1 applies to entities which are adopting IFRS for the first time.
The objective of IFRS 1 is to provide users high quality information which is:
- comparable across periods presented;
- a suitable starting point for accounting in accordance with IFRS; and
- can be generated at a cost which does not exceed its benefits.
When an entity is presenting its financial statements, for the first time, using IFRS it must be clearly stated with a statement in the financial statements. There are numerous disclosure requirements and exceptions available in this standard which is likely too specific to be tested on the UFE so focus on the big picture.
Recognition and Measurement
When an entity transitions to IFRS for the first time it must:
- present an opening IFRS Statement of Financial Position;
- comply with all IFRS accounting policies in its opening IFRS Statement of Financial Position and throughout all periods presented (retroactive restatements);
- not apply different versions of IFRSs which are outdated; and
- recognize adjustments from previous GAAP that result in changes in the IFRS statements directly into retained earnings. These transactions must occur prior to the IFRS adoption date.
- Remain consistent at the date of transition with estimates made for the same date in accordance with previous GAAP after adjustments to reflect any difference in accounting policies unless the estimate was an error.
- Information received after the transition date should be treated as a non-adjusting event in accordance with IAS 10 (Events after the Reporting Period) and should be reflected in profit or loss or other comprehensive income.
Presentation and Disclosure
Numerous requirements, notably including:
- Comparative information for all statements
- Previous GAAP information should be labelled clearly as such
- How the transition from previous GAAP to IFRS impacted the financial statements including reconciliations